What are Cannabinoids?

It is used to treat pain, cancer, and autoimmune diseases

The Cannabisplant is where you will find Cannabinoids, the chemicals that are responsible for marijuana and hemp. Scientists have found at least 113 chemicals in cannabis, but only two are used to treat pain and a variety of other conditions, such as cancer and inflammation.

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive compound responsible for the “high” associated with marijuana, is known as THC (THC).
  • Cannabidiol, also known as CBD (cannabidiol), is often derived from hemp. It doesn’t cause highs.

Can Cannabinoids Offer Any Benefits?

There have been many studies that show marijuana has numerous positive effects. They are currently being used for many purposes, and there are more possibilities.

Current Uses

Cannabinoids are used in the following ways:

  • Pain relief and inflammation, particularly chronic, in the case of Crohn’s, endometriosis and fibromyalgia.
  • Increasing appetite to stop extreme weight loss caused by AIDS
  • Improve muscle control/lessen spasticity in Huntington’s and Parkinson’s diseases
  • Epileptic seizures in children especially can be controlled
  • Treatment of mental illness, such as bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and multiple anxiety disorders
  • Treatment of addictions, including quitting smoking

There are different scientific proofs for each use. The FDA has not yet approved any marijuana-related uses, but it has approved certain pharmaceutical products containing cannabinoid components.

Future uses

Early research suggests that cannabinoids might be helpful in fighting cancer by:1

  • Helping kill some cancer cells
  • Reduce the size of other cancers
  • One of the most severe types of brain cancer is slowing down the growth of cancer cells
  • Reduce nausea after chemotherapy
  • Radiation treatments can be made more effective by increasing their effectiveness
  • They are being investigated as possible treatments for diseases of the immune system.
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS).
  • Lupus

Cannabinoids may have multiple benefits for autoimmune conditions such as MS, Lupus, Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid. It can reduce pain and inflammation, regulate the immune system, and even help to alleviate swelling.

How they work: The Endocannabinoid System

Your body is affected by cannabinoids through the endocannabinoid (ECS) system.

This system is named after substances that your body naturally produces and depends on, which are very similar to plant-based cannabinoids.

ECS can have far-reaching effects on your body. This is why cannabinoids have many medicinal uses.


The ECS plays a major role in homeostasis. This regulates many of your body’s essential functions including:


  • Fertility and hormone levels
  • Heart rate
  • Temperature of the body
  • Hunger and digestion
  • Immune function
  • Sleep
  • Mood
  • Concentration and memory
  • Pain
  • Motor control
  • Awareness of your senses


Your nervous system communicates with your endocannabinoids to ensure that all of these things are within acceptable limits. It is easy to see how cannabinoids could be used to treat many medical conditions.


There is an important distinction between cannabinoids from outside sources and your endocannabinoids. Yours work in perfect coordination with the system that is most urgent. Inhaling cannabinoids, such as from smoking marijuana, floods your body, making both good and bad changes.

FDA and cannabinoids

The FDA approved Epidiolex as a purified CBD formulation for Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet forms of childhood epilepsy.

There is growing evidence that medical marijuana and cannabinoids have many beneficial effects.

You might be wondering why they aren’t FDA approved.

Because research is still in its early stages and requires large studies that include hundreds of participants to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the drugs for each specific use, the FDA will require large studies.

It’s a tedious, costly, and time-consuming process. As more research is done, cannabinoid-based medicines may be available for more illnesses.

Are They Legal?

Although marijuana is legal in many states for recreational or medical use, it remains illegal at the federal government. Make sure you are familiar with the laws in your state.

Work issues

Some jobs might not allow you to use marijuana, even if it is legal in your area. Before you use cannabinoids, make sure you check your company policies.


CBD products cannot legally contain more THC than 0.3%, so they shouldn’t cause you any problems with a drug test. As long as the company that sells them is properly labeling, preparing, testing and labeling the product.


Side effects possible

Cannabinoids have less side effects than some of the pharmaceutical drugs they can replace. Do not mistakenly believe that natural products have no side effects. Cannabinoids can interact with other drugs and cause side effects. The cannabinoids that you are taking will determine the specific effects you might experience.

Marijuana, THC

The brain’s overstimulating effect is the main reason for most side effects from marijuana. These side effects could be caused by THC, which includes:2

  • Alternate senses (e.g. colors that appear brighter)
  • Time altered
  • Changes in mood
  • Difficulty in thinking
  • Memory impairment

High doses of marijuana or regular use high-potency strains can lead to:2

  • Hallucinations
  • Illusions
  • Psychosis

Some side effects of smoking marijuana include coughing, increased blood pressure, and an increased risk of infection and lung disease. Smoking marijuana does not appear to increase your risk of developing lung cancer.

The real benefit of marijuana, or THC, is their inability to cause overdose. This makes them attractive as an alternative for opioids for chronic pain.


There is still much to be learned by researchers about CBD’s potential side effects.

Dry mouth

Low blood pressure



Drug-processing liver enzymes altered

Increased tremor in Parkinson’s disease can occur at high doses

According to the World Health Organization, possible side effects could include:4

Hormone levels altered

Low levels of stimulation of the immune systems, but high levels of suppression

CBD isn’t addictive and doesn’t cause overdose. This makes it attractive for people suffering from chronic pain.

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